Machu Picchu

Machu picchu, Cusco
The archaeological site of Machu Picchu is located in the district of Cusco, the province of Urubamba and the district of Machu Picchu, on the eastern slope of the mountain range of Vilcanota, which is bounded by the rivers Apurímac and Urubamba. It is located at a height of 2,350 meters above sea level and is nestled in the subtropical zone at the edge of the rainforest; consequently it has a benign climate, which is warm and humid.

  • Historical Brief
    Many explorers before Hiram Bingham tried to discover this historical sanctuary as there were many rumors about its existence. However men like Antonio Raymondi, the Sartiges Count and Charles Wiener were unable to achieve the success. It is known thanks to an inscription at Machu Picchu that the Santander brothers arrived at the base of the temple of the sun in July of 1909.

    Hiram Bingham arrived on July 14, 1911, with specialists from Yale University, topographers, biologists, geologists, engineers. They were taken to the place by Melchor Arteaga, an inhabitant of the area, who told them how to get to what is today considered the eighth wonder of the world.

    In 1914 Bingham returned to Machu Picchu with economic and logistical support from the university and the Geographical Society of the United States, with a specialized team. He had already written a publication "The Lost City of The Incas" that was already being read throughout the world.

Main Tourist Attractions

  • The Intihuantana
    Sanctuary of Machu PicchuThe Intihuantana is thought to have been sacred to the Incas and has direct links to the solstices and the equinoxes. It is thought to have measured of the time (solstices and equinoxes) through the effects of light and shade and it alos served as a Rock Altar. It is located on a hill made up of several terraces and platforms which you can reach after tackling 78 finely figured steps.
 
  • The Square
    Square of Machu PicchuThere are four squares on different levels and they all present rectangular forms in the classic Inca style. They are interconnected by steps dug out of the sides of the platforms and terraces.
 
  • Huayna Picchu
    Huaynapicchu in Machu picchu Huayna Picchu roughly translated means Young Mountain. It is possible to climb Huayna Picchu as there is a somewhat difficult road that leads to the top. There are small ruins of temples and finely shaped terraces carved into the mountainside. From the top of Huayna Picchu, the views of the citadel of Machu Picchu are impressive.
 
  • Thermal baths
    Aguas Calientes is the nearest town to Machu Picchu. 800 meters from the town of are thermal springs that rise out of the rocky ground. Here, the pools are conditioned and a basic infrastructure is provided for their use as thermal baths.






History Get to know a little bit more about Cusco, its history, its culture, its religion, and processes of change, among others aspects.
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