Peru, land of the Potato: How the ancient root can secure food supply in Peru facing climate change

Peru, land of the Potato: How the ancient root can secure food supply in Peru facing climate change

The awareness for global warming is increasing. The governments of various countries as well as civil organizations are making a great effort to take steps towards lessening the impacts of climate changes and adapting to its current conditions. Unfortunately, the people who are most affected by global warming are the least to blame for its acceleration.

Being one of the megadiverse countries with an extremely high biodiversity, Peru will be greatly affected. Peru’s minorities, such as the indigenous population, have already been impacted by global warning. Sadly, these are the people that have the fewest resources do adapt to future challenges. The region of Cusco has already been affected by the effects of the changing conditions.
(more…)

Read more

Peru, home of the potato

Peru, home of the potato

All though for many many years the potatoe was consired “peruvian”, since 2008 there has been a high-rising conflict between Peru and neighbor Chile. Both countries have been fighting for years about which of them can be considered ‘the home’ of the potato. Fact is that scientists all believe potatoes have originated from the Andes in Peru. Well over 100 potato cultivators can be found in just one valley in Peru! Some of the oldest archeological finds were located around Lake Titicaca. The potato began it’s career in food culture between 2000 and 3000 BC and continues today with many different colors, flavors, sizes and textures.

The potato was first introduced in Europe by Spanish explorers. Coming back home from their South-American expeditions in 1536 they brought potato plants with them. The Inca’s had been cultivating the plant for hundreds of years; Spanish monks started to spread the potato to other European countries. They planted potato plants in the gardens of their monasteries. Soon different races arose and people started to breed crosses. Nowadays there are more than 4000 different kinds of potatoes in the world.
(more…)

Read more