On Friday, November 7, a Congress organized by the Commission of Andean, Amazonian and Afro-Peruvian Environment and Ecology (CPAAAAE) took place. The meeting was organized in an effort to decentralize the debates about national issues and strengthening the ties between the Congress and the public; thus contributing to the participatory development of laws with the various stakeholders and thus contributing to the consolidation of democracy in the country. The CPAAAAE considered conducting a Public Hearing in the Department of Cusco extremely important due to the many peculiarities of this region. Cusco is the birthplace of Andean-Amazonian culture, whose legacy in the domestication of animals, plants and geographical environment adaption surprises the world. The city also has natural protected areas, peasants, indigenous communities and Amazonian indigenous people in voluntary isolation and initial contact. Also in this region are numerous apparent effects of climate change and de-glaciation, rising temperatures, floods, frosts, loss of native species of flora and fauna, deforestation, loss of arable land etc., that affect the development the economic activities of the population, raising numerous challenges to Cusco on their development.