Excursions in Cusco

Machu Picchu

Machu Picchu - Cusco Peru
The citadel of Machu Picchu has been for many years, the most important of all Cusco's tourist attractions. It is 3 hours by train from the city, although you can also get there by helicopter (30 min) or on foot (4 days on the inca trail). It was discovered in 1911 by the explorer Hiram Bingham. This citadel is considered one of the most extraordinary examples of natural architecture in the world.

Located at the top of a mountain which dominates the deep canyon of the river Urubamba, in a tropical forest, it was used as a religious centre and also for astronomical observation and for the private family business of the Inca Pachacútec. It consists of two major areas: one agricultural, made up chiefly of terraces and buildings for food storage; and the second which was used as sacred area, with temples, squares and royal mausoleums. In front of the citadel rises the hill Huayna Picchu, which can be reached by taking a steep stone path.

Sacred Valley of the Incas

Sacred Valley of the Incas - Cusco Peru
Only one hour from Cusco by car, the valley of the river Urubamba or Sacred Valley of the Incas is full of beautiful scenery and colourful towns, with impressive platforms and very important archaeological sites. Dominated by the imposing summits of the Vilcanota mountain range, the valley has been, since the Inca period, Cusco's agricultural breadbasket.

The valley embraces the area between the Inca towns of Pisaq and Ollantaytambo and is, thanks to the perfect climate and particular geographical setting, the ideal destination for adventure sport (canoeing, mountain biking, flying and walking).


Oropesa - Cusco Peru
Known as the land of bread. The inhabitants devote their efforts to the preparation of bread in many different ways and with a variety of flavours.

Pikillaqta and Lucre Lake

Pikillaqta and Lucre Lake - Cusco Peru
This town was constructed by the Wari culture (500-900 A.D.). It is a big urban and ceremonial centre in an area of about 2 km2 these stone and adobe structures are built on a hill which overlooks beautiful Lucre Lake. Pikillaqta or 'city of the fleas' is perhaps the earliest pre-Inca city of the region and its name is derived from presence of a couple of enclosures of only 4 m2 which seem to have been part of a military garrison.

San Pedro of Andahuaylillas

San Pedro of Andahuaylillas - Cusco Peru
San Pedro of Andahuaylillas is one of the most beautiful colonial towns of the region and is located 40 km from Cusco. There is a nice square covered by leafy Pisonay trees and surrounded by large old houses. Its principal point of interest is its only church, San Pedro de Andahuaylillas, constructed in the 17th century and considered a piece of Cultural Heritage of Humanity by UNESCO. The interior, profusely decorated with wall paintings, is simply incomparable. It also contains paintings by the Cusqueña School and Baroque altars of carved wood.

Three crosses and the Valley of Kosñipata

Three crosses and the Valley of Kosñipata - Cusco Peru
Coming out of Paucartambo, a straight road ascends to the gates of Acjanaco (3.800 msnm) and the Mirador of three crosses, a sort of natural balcony facing the Amazon. From here one of the most amazing sunrises in the world can be seen, it is produced by the optical effects of the sun that seems to glitter above the clouds which cover the tropical forest. The route continues from Three Crosses to the deep valley of Kosñipata and the river Alto Madre de Dios, crossing the exuberant, fog-bound forests of the Manu National Park, a paradise of biodiversity.

Choquekirao: Mine of Gold

Choquekirao: Mine of Gold - Cusco Peru
The archeological monument of Choquekirao corresponds with an Inca City which has scattered sectors with divers functions and which communicates by means of footpaths to the main square. This square is defined by constructions of different uses, has a ceremonial character and has 2 living levels. The remains of the monument show that the city was suddenly abandoned.

You can see temples of the sun and of the earth, real residences, sleeping rooms for Mitimaes (inca word - family(ies) of colons or baned from a city) and residences for farmers. You can find here also one of the most profound canyons of the world: Canyon del Apurimac.

The Bridge of Qeswachaka

The Bridge of Qeswachaka - Cusco Peru
This is an absolutely unique tour. The Q’eswachaka bridge is located across the Apurimac river, at about 13.000 feet, in Canas province. This imponent bridge spans 120 feet, and is rebuilt every one or two years as communal effort by all the local indians of the region. About 700 men and women form the comunities Huinchiri, Ccollana come to Q’eswachaka to the Festival of the Contruction of the Bridge.

The weaving and construction techniques have passed from generation to generation since the bridge was first built by the Incas, probably in the 15th century. Impressive scenery, unique possibility to be inmersed in local Peruvian culture.


Uchuyqosqo - Cusco Peru
Uchuy Qosqo (small Cusco) is situated above the Valley of Urubamba and offers very spectacular views over the mountain range Cordillera de Vilcanota.


Vilcabamba - Cusco Peru
>This is a complete trekking route which includes the visit at the important archeological sites of Ñusta Hispana, Vitcos and Rosaspata. Every day it offers impressing and different attractions: you can see spectacular mountains, panoranic views over the valleyof the highlands and lowlands. It is an excellent combination of culture and nature and it is an a walk that can not be compared with any other walk. Furthermore, it is recommended by a lot of people who like adventure and who like to do something else.

Temple of Wiracocha

Temple of Wiracocha - Cusco Peru
This unique complex was actually a heavily-populated area, a tambo (inca word - inn place to rest) of vast dimensions, spreading across 264 hectares. The complex is made up of housing, temples, palaces, astronomical observations, food storehouses and walls. It is located on the right bank of the Vilcanota River between 3450 and 3550 meters above sea level.

What stands out most about the Rajchi complex is without a doubt the peculiar Temple of Wiracocha. However, this is not the only ruin left standing there are also the great wall, ceremonical fountains, sphere-shaped buildings and rectangular houses. Further is the Temple of Wiracocha one of the most myterious constructions in Cuscu, a unique complex of cylinder-shaped columns and four naves. There is no other construction like this.

Route Espiritu Pampa - Vilcabamba – Choquekirao

Route Espiritu Pampa - Vilcabamba – Choquekirao - Cusco Peru
This a rather strenuous hike in the jungle and andean vegetation, visiting archaelogical places like Lucma, Rosaspata, Nusta Hispana and villages such as Yupanca, Cosevidayoc and Vilcabamba, to end up in the ruins of the lost city of Espiritu Pampa of the last Manco Inca.

    Spanish is the second world language as a vehicle for international communication and the third as an international language of politics, economics and culture.
    Spanish is the official language in 21 countries.
  3. 13% USA
    In the United States 13% of the population speak Spanish as their first language.
© 2000 - 2019 AboutCusco.com your travel guide of Peru - All Rights Reserved
Share This
Follow us on: